2. Possessing the Land of Canaan by Defeating the Satanic Forces
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Hymns:

Scripture Reading: Josh. 1:2, 6, 11; 5:13-15; 6:1

Josh. 1:2 Moses My servant is dead; now then arise, and cross over this Jordan, you and all this people, into the land which I am giving to them, to the children of Israel.

Josh. 1:6 Be strong and take courage, for you will cause this people to inherit the land which I swore to their fathers to give to them.

Josh. 1:11 Go through the midst of the camp, and command the people, saying, Prepare provisions for yourselves, for in three days you are to cross this Jordan to enter and possess the land which Jehovah your God is giving you to possess.

Josh. 5:13     Now once, when Joshua was by Jericho, he lifted up his eyes and looked; and behold, there was a man standing opposite him, and His sword was drawn in His hand. And Joshua went to Him and said to Him, Are You for us or for our adversaries?

Josh. 5:14     And He said, Neither, but as the Captain of Jehovah's army have I now come. Then Joshua fell to the ground upon his face and worshipped. And he said to Him, What does my Lord speak to His servant?

Josh. 5:15     And the Captain of Jehovah's army said to Joshua, Remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy. And Joshua did so.

Josh. 6:1       Now Jericho was shut up so tight because of the children of Israel that no one went out and no one went in.

Josh. 6:2       And Jehovah said to Joshua, See, I have given Jericho and its king and the mighty men of valor into your hand.

Josh. 6:3       And you shall circle the city, all the men of war, going around the city one time. Thus shall you do for six days.

Josh. 6:4       And seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark. Then on the seventh day you shall circle the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Josh. 6:5       And when they give off the blast of the ram's horn and you hear the trumpet sound, all the people shall shout with a great shout. And the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people shall go up, each straight ahead.

Josh. 6:6       So Joshua the son of Nun called the priests and said to them, Take up the Ark of the Covenant, and let seven priests carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:7       And he said to the people, Pass on and circle the city, and let the armed men pass on before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:8       Then when Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets of rams' horns before Jehovah passed on and blew the trumpets; and the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah went after them.

Josh. 6:9       And the armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets; and the rearguard went after the Ark, the trumpets continually blowing.

Josh. 6:10     And Joshua commanded the people, saying, You shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, nor let a word go forth from your mouth, until the day I say to you, Shout! Then you shall shout.

Josh. 6:11     So he had the Ark of Jehovah circle the city, going around it one time. And they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.

Josh. 6:12     And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:13     And the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets of rams' horns went before the Ark of Jehovah, continually blowing the trumpets; and the armed men went before them, and the rearguard went after the Ark of Jehovah, the trumpets continually blowing.

Josh. 6:14     And they circled the city on the second day one time and returned to the camp. This they did for six days.

Josh. 6:15     Then on the seventh day they rose early, at the break of dawn, and circled the city in the same manner seven times. Only on that day did they circle the city seven times.

Josh. 6:16     And at the seventh time the priests blew the trumpets, and Joshua said to the people, Shout! For Jehovah has given you the city.

Josh. 6:17     And the city shall be devoted to Jehovah for destruction, it and all that is in it. Only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all who are with her in her house, because she hid the messengers we sent.

Josh. 6:18     But as for you, keep yourselves from what has been devoted to destruction, lest you devote yourselves to destruction by taking of what has been devoted and you make the camp of Israel something devoted to destruction and bring trouble to it.

Josh. 6:19     But all the silver and the gold and the vessels of bronze and iron, these are holy to Jehovah; they shall come into the treasury of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:20     So the people shouted and the trumpets were blown; and when the people heard the trumpet sound, the people shouted with a great shout, and the wall fell down flat. And the people went up into the city, each straight ahead, and they captured the city.

Josh. 6:21     And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city with the edge of the sword: both men and women, young and old, and oxen and sheep and donkeys.

 

I.      In the Old Testament there is a typology, a set of types, and in the New Testament there is a complete fulfillment of that typology concerning God’s economy—1 Cor. 10:3-4, 1, 11.

1 Cor. 10:3    And all ate the same spiritual food,

1 Cor. 10:4    And all drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank of a spiritual rock which followed them, and the rock was Christ.

1 Cor. 10:1    For I do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;

1 Cor. 10:11  Now these things happened to them as an example, and they were written for our admonition, unto whom the ends of the ages have come.

II.    The book of Joshua is a book with profound types—1:13; 2:18; 3:3, 10-11; 5:12; 6:6.

Josh. 1:13     Remember the word which Moses the servant of Jehovah commanded you, saying, Jehovah your God has given you rest and will give you this land.

Josh. 2:18     Unless, when we enter the land, you tie this line of scarlet thread in the window through which you let us down, and gather your father and your mother and your brothers and all your father's house to you in your house.

Josh. 3:3       And they commanded the people, saying, When you see the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah your God and the Levitical priests bearing it, you shall set out from your place and go after it.

Josh. 3:10     And Joshua said, By this you will know that the living God is in your midst, and that He will most certainly dispossess before you the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Hivites and the Perizzites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Jebusites. (11) The Ark of the Covenant of the Lord of all the earth is now crossing over before you into the Jordan.

Josh. 5:12     And the manna ceased on that day, when they ate of the produce of the land; and there was no longer manna for the children of Israel, but they ate of the yield of the land of Canaan that year.

Josh. 6:6       So Joshua the son of Nun called the priests and said to them, Take up the Ark of the Covenant, and let seven priests carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark of Jehovah.

III.   The intrinsic significance of the book of Joshua is the taking of the land—1:2, 6; 5:12.

Josh. 1:2       Moses My servant is dead; now then arise, and cross over this Jordan, you and all this people, into the land which I am giving to them, to the children of Israel.

Josh. 1:6       Be strong and take courage, for you will cause this people to inherit the land which I swore to their fathers to give to them.

Josh. 5:12     And the manna ceased on that day, when they ate of the produce of the land; and there was no longer manna for the children of Israel, but they ate of the yield of the land of Canaan that year.

IV.   In order to understand the significance of the Israelites entering Canaan and the warfare in Canaan, we need to know that Canaan has a twofold significance in typology—Col. 1:12; Eph. 1:3; 2:2; 6:12:

Col. 1:12       Giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified you for a share of the allotted portion of the saints in the light;

Eph. 1:3        Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Christ,

Eph. 2:2        In which you once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit which is now operating in the sons of disobedience;

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

A.   On the positive side, Canaan, a land of riches, typifies the all-inclusive Christ with His unsearchable riches—Deut. 8:7-10; Col. 1:12; Eph. 3:8:

Deut. 8:7       For Jehovah your God is bringing you to a good land, a land of waterbrooks, of springs and of fountains, flowing forth in valleys and in mountains;

Deut. 8:8       A land of wheat and barley and vines and fig trees and pomegranates; a land of olive trees with oil and of honey;

Deut. 8:9       A land in which you will eat bread without scarcity; you will not lack anything in it; a land whose stones are iron, and from whose mountains you can mine copper.

Deut. 8:10     And you shall eat and be satisfied, and you shall bless Jehovah your God for the good land which He has given you.

Col. 1:12       Giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified you for a share of the allotted portion of the saints in the light;

Eph. 3:8        To me, less than the least of all saints, was this grace given to announce to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ as the gospel

1. The good land is the ultimate type of Christ found in the Scriptures—Deut. 8:7.

Deut. 8:7       For Jehovah your God is bringing you to a good land, a land of waterbrooks, of springs and of fountains, flowing forth in valleys and in mountains;

2. The good land, the land of Canaan, is a type of the Christ who is all and in all and who is everything to us—Eph. 3:8.

Eph. 3:8        To me, less than the least of all saints, was this grace given to announce to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ as the gospel

3. In the Bible the land is a figure, a symbol, of Christ—Gen. 1:9; 2 Pet. 3:5:

Gen. 1:9        And God said, Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear; and it was so.

2 Pet. 3:5       For this escapes them by their own choosing, that by the word of God the heavens were of old and the earth was compacted out of water and through water,

a. The land that came out of the death water on the third day in Genesis 1:9-10 and 13 is a type of the resurrected Christ who came out of death on the third day.

Gen. 1:9       And God said, Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear; and it was so.

Gen. 1:10     And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas; and God saw that it was good.

Gen. 1:13     And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.

b. Many different kinds of life in Genesis 1:11-12 and 24-25 came out of the land; this signifies that Christ is the source of all kinds of life.

Gen. 1:11     And God said, Let the earth sprout grass, herbs yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit according to their kind with their seed in them upon the earth; and it was so.

Gen. 1:12     And the earth brought forth grass, herbs yielding seed according to their kind, and trees bearing fruit with their seed in them according to their kind; and God saw that it was good.

Gen. 1:24     And God said, Let the earth bring forth living animals according to their kind, cattle and creeping things and animals of the earth according to their kind; and it was so.

Gen. 1:25     And God made the animals of the earth according to their kind and the cattle according to their kind and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind, and God saw that it was good.

c. God’s intention revealed in the Scriptures is that Christ should be our land—Deut. 8:7-10.

Deut. 8:7      For Jehovah your God is bringing you to a good land, a land of waterbrooks, of springs and of fountains, flowing forth in valleys and in mountains;

Deut. 8:8      A land of wheat and barley and vines and fig trees and pomegranates; a land of olive trees with oil and of honey;

Deut. 8:9      A land in which you will eat bread without scarcity; you will not lack anything in it; a land whose stones are iron, and from whose mountains you can mine copper.

Deut. 8:10    And you shall eat and be satisfied, and you shall bless Jehovah your God for the good land which He has given you.

4. Christ as the good land, the land that came out of the death water, is depicted by the land of Canaan—Gen. 1:9; Josh. 1:13.

Gen. 1:9        And God said, Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear; and it was so.

Josh. 1:13     Remember the word which Moses the servant of Jehovah commanded you, saying, Jehovah your God has given you rest and will give you this land.

B.    On the negative side, Canaan signifies the aerial part, the heavenly part, of the dark kingdom of Satan, the heavenlies that are full of Satan’s forces—Eph. 2:2; 6:12:

Eph. 2:2        In which you once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit which is now operating in the sons of disobedience;

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

1. Satan has his authority and his angels, who are his subordinates as principalities, powers, and rulers of the darkness of this world; hence, he has his kingdom, the authority of darkness—Acts 26:18; Matt. 12:26; 25:41; Eph. 6:12; Col. 1:13.

Acts 26:18    To open their eyes, to turn them from darkness to light and from the authority of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.

Matt. 12:26   And if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand?

Matt. 25:41   Then He will say also to those on the left, Go away from Me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

Col. 1:13       Who delivered us out of the authority of darkness and transferred us into the kingdom of the Son of His love,

2. Satan, the enemy of God, has been doing his utmost to hinder the people of God from enjoying the all-inclusive Christ as the good land; to this day, evil forces are veiling the all-inclusiveness of Christ from God’s people—2:8, 18; 2 Cor. 4:3-4.

Col. 2:8        Beware that no one carries you off as spoil through his philosophy and empty deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the elements of the world, and not according to Christ;

Col. 2:18      Let no one defraud you by judging you unworthy of your prize, in self-chosen lowliness and the worship of the angels, dwelling on the things which he has seen, vainly puffed up by his mind set on the flesh,

2 Cor. 4:3     And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled in those who are perishing,

2 Cor. 4:4     In whom the god of this age has blinded the thoughts of the unbelievers that the illumination of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, might not shine on them.

3. The book of Ephesians indicates that in the heavenlies there are different layers—1:3; 2:2; 6:12:

Eph. 1:3        Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Christ,

Eph. 2:2        In which you once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit which is now operating in the sons of disobedience;

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

a. Christ is in the highest layer, the third heaven, to be our everything as our good land—Deut. 8:7-10.

Deut. 8:7      For Jehovah your God is bringing you to a good land, a land of waterbrooks, of springs and of fountains, flowing forth in valleys and in mountains;

Deut. 8:8      A land of wheat and barley and vines and fig trees and pomegranates; a land of olive trees with oil and of honey;

Deut. 8:9      A land in which you will eat bread without scarcity; you will not lack anything in it; a land whose stones are iron, and from whose mountains you can mine copper.

Deut. 8:10    And you shall eat and be satisfied, and you shall bless Jehovah your God for the good land which He has given you.

b. There is a lower layer of the heavenlies—the air, where Satan as the ruler of the authority of the air is frustrating the people on earth from contacting God and receiving Christ; this is typified by the Canaanites, who were frustrating Israel from entering into the good land—Eph. 2:2.

Eph. 2:2        In which you once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit which is now operating in the sons of disobedience;

4. The Canaanites typify the fallen angels, the rebellious angels who follow Satan, who have become the powers, rulers, and authorities in Satan’s kingdom, the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies—Rev. 12:4, 7; Eph. 6:12.

Rev. 12:4      And his tail drags away the third part of the stars of heaven, and he cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to bring forth, so that when she brings forth he might devour her child.

Rev. 12:7      And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels went to war with the dragon. And the dragon warred and his angels.

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

C.    The two aspects of the significance of Canaan in typology are spoken of in Ephesians; in this sense, the book of Joshua in the Old Testament is comparable to Ephesians because both books are a record of “Canaan”:

1. As soon as the children of Israel entered Canaan, they enjoyed the riches of Christ and engaged in warfare—Josh. 5:12; 6:1-21.

Josh. 5:12     And the manna ceased on that day, when they ate of the produce of the land; and there was no longer manna for the children of Israel, but they ate of the yield of the land of Canaan that year.

Josh. 6:1       Now Jericho was shut up so tight because of the children of Israel that no one went out and no one went in.

Josh. 6:2       And Jehovah said to Joshua, See, I have given Jericho and its king and the mighty men of valor into your hand.

Josh. 6:3       And you shall circle the city, all the men of war, going around the city one time. Thus shall you do for six days.

Josh. 6:4       And seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark. Then on the seventh day you shall circle the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Josh. 6:5       And when they give off the blast of the ram's horn and you hear the trumpet sound, all the people shall shout with a great shout. And the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people shall go up, each straight ahead.

Josh. 6:6       So Joshua the son of Nun called the priests and said to them, Take up the Ark of the Covenant, and let seven priests carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:7       And he said to the people, Pass on and circle the city, and let the armed men pass on before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:8       Then when Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets of rams' horns before Jehovah passed on and blew the trumpets; and the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah went after them.

Josh. 6:9       And the armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets; and the rearguard went after the Ark, the trumpets continually blowing.

Josh. 6:10     And Joshua commanded the people, saying, You shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, nor let a word go forth from your mouth, until the day I say to you, Shout! Then you shall shout.

Josh. 6:11     So he had the Ark of Jehovah circle the city, going around it one time. And they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.

Josh. 6:12     And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:13     And the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets of rams' horns went before the Ark of Jehovah, continually blowing the trumpets; and the armed men went before them, and the rearguard went after the Ark of Jehovah, the trumpets continually blowing.

Josh. 6:14     And they circled the city on the second day one time and returned to the camp. This they did for six days.

Josh. 6:15     Then on the seventh day they rose early, at the break of dawn, and circled the city in the same manner seven times. Only on that day did they circle the city seven times.

Josh. 6:16     And at the seventh time the priests blew the trumpets, and Joshua said to the people, Shout! For Jehovah has given you the city.

Josh. 6:17     And the city shall be devoted to Jehovah for destruction, it and all that is in it. Only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all who are with her in her house, because she hid the messengers we sent.

Josh. 6:18     But as for you, keep yourselves from what has been devoted to destruction, lest you devote yourselves to destruction by taking of what has been devoted and you make the camp of Israel something devoted to destruction and bring trouble to it.

Josh. 6:19     But all the silver and the gold and the vessels of bronze and iron, these are holy to Jehovah; they shall come into the treasury of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:20     So the people shouted and the trumpets were blown; and when the people heard the trumpet sound, the people shouted with a great shout, and the wall fell down flat. And the people went up into the city, each straight ahead, and they captured the city.

Josh. 6:21     And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city with the edge of the sword: both men and women, young and old, and oxen and sheep and donkeys.

2. Ephesians 3:8 speaks of the riches of Christ, and 1:3; 2:6; and 6:12 speak of the heavenlies; this indicates that in the church we should enjoy the riches of Christ and engage in spiritual warfare.

Eph. 3:8        To me, less than the least of all saints, was this grace given to announce to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ as the gospel

Eph. 1:3        Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Christ,

Eph. 2:6        And raised us up together with Him and seated us together with Him in the heavenlies in Christ Jesus,

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

3. Without the book of Joshua we cannot fully understand the spiritual warfare in Ephesians 6:10-20.

Eph. 6:10      Finally, be empowered in the Lord and in the might of His strength.

Eph. 6:11      Put on the whole armor of God that you may be able to stand against the stratagems of the devil,

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

Eph. 6:13      Therefore take up the whole armor of God that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

Eph. 6:14      Stand therefore, having girded your loins with truth and having put on the breastplate of righteousness

Eph. 6:15      And having shod your feet with the firm foundation of the gospel of peace;

Eph. 6:16      Besides all these, having taken up the shield of faith, with which you will be able to quench all the flaming darts of the evil one.

Eph. 6:17      And receive the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which Spirit is the word of God,

Eph. 6:18      By means of all prayer and petition, praying at every time in spirit and watching unto this in all perseverance and petition concerning all the saints,

Eph. 6:19      And for me, that utterance may be given to me in the opening of my mouth, to make known in boldness the mystery of the gospel,

Eph. 6:20      For which I am an ambassador in a chain, that in it I would speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

V.     If we would possess the good land for the fulfillment of God’s purpose, we must engage in spiritual warfare to defeat the satanic forces—Josh. 6:21:

Josh. 6:21     And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city with the edge of the sword: both men and women, young and old, and oxen and sheep and donkeys.

A.   We need to realize the necessity of spiritual warfare—a warfare between the kingdom of Satan and the kingdom of God—Matt. 6:10; 7:21; 12:26, 28; Isa. 14:12-14.

Matt. 6:10     Your kingdom come; Your will be done, as in heaven, so also on earth.

Matt. 7:21     Not everyone who says to Me, Lord, Lord, will enter into the kingdom of the heavens, but he who does the will of My Father who is in the heavens.

Matt. 12:26   And if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand?

Matt. 12:28   But if I, by the Spirit of God, cast out the demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.

Isa. 14:12      How you have fallen from heaven, / O Daystar, son of the dawn! / How you have been hewn down to earth, / You who made nations fall prostrate!

Isa. 14:13      But you, you said in your heart: / I will ascend to heaven; / Above the stars of God / I will exalt my throne. / And I will sit upon the mount of assembly / In the uttermost parts of the north.

Isa. 14:14      I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; / I will make myself like the Most High.

B.    When Israel was ready to take possession of the land of Canaan, the land was filled with demon-possessed people, idol worshippers, and the Nephilim—Num. 13:33.

Num. 13:33   And there we saw the Nephilim (the descendants of Anak are part of the Nephilim); and we were like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.

C.    Because the Nephilim, a mixture of fallen angels and fallen man, dwelt in the land of Canaan, God commanded the children of Israel to take over this land and to destroy every living being there so that the human race could be cleared up—Deut. 7:1-2:

Deut. 7:1       When Jehovah your God brings you into the land which you are about to enter to possess, and clears away many nations from before you-the Hittites, the Girgashites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, the Jebusites, seven nations more numerous and mightier than you—

Deut. 7:2       And Jehovah your God delivers them up before you and you defeat them, you shall utterly destroy them; you shall make no covenant with them, nor shall you show them any favor.

1. According to the divine thought, the nations in the land of Canaan had to be exterminated because they were devilish and mingled with demons—v. 2; Josh. 11:21-22; 14:6-14.

Deut. 7:2       And Jehovah your God delivers them up before you and you defeat them, you shall utterly destroy them; you shall make no covenant with them, nor shall you show them any favor.

Josh. 11:21    And Joshua went at that time and cut off the Anakim from the hill country, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the hill country of Judah and all the hill country of Israel; Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities.

Josh. 11:22    None of the Anakim were left in the land of the children of Israel; only in Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod did some remain.

Josh. 14:6     Then the children of Judah approached Joshua in Gilgal; and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite said to him, You know the word that Jehovah spoke to Moses the man of God concerning me and concerning you in Kadesh-barnea.

Josh. 14:7     I was forty years old when Moses the servant of Jehovah sent me out from Kadesh-barnea to spy out the land; and I returned such a word to him as was genuinely upon my heart.

Josh. 14:8     However my brothers who went up with me made the people's heart melt, but I fully followed Jehovah my God.

Josh. 14:9     And Moses swore on that day, saying, Surely the land on which your foot has trodden will be an inheritance to you and to your children forever, for you have fully followed Jehovah my God.

Josh. 14:10    And now, look, Jehovah has kept me alive, as He said, for these forty-five years, since the time Jehovah spoke this word to Moses while Israel walked through the wilderness. And now, look, today I am eighty-five years old.

Josh. 14:11    Today I am still as strong as I was on the day Moses sent me out; as my strength was then, so my strength is now, for battle and for going out and coming in.

Josh. 14:12    Now therefore give me this hill country, of which Jehovah spoke on that day, for you heard on that day that the Anakim were there with great fortified cities. It may be that Jehovah will be with me, and I will dispossess them, as Jehovah said.

Josh. 14:13    So Joshua blessed him; and he gave Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephunneh as an inheritance.

Josh. 14:14    Therefore Hebron has become the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite to this day because he fully followed Jehovah the God of Israel.

2. The Canaanites signify not only the fallen angels but also human beings who have joined themselves to the evil spirits, to the satanic power of darkness in the air—Num. 14:45.

Num. 14:45   Then the Amalekites and the Canaanites who dwelt in that hill country came down and struck them and beat them back as far as Hormah.

D.   Israel’s fighting against the inhabitants of the land portrays the invisible spiritual warfare that is taking place behind the visible scene on earth—Dan. 10:10-21; Eph. 6:10-20:

Dan. 10:10    And at that moment a hand touched me and sent me trembling on my knees and the palms of my hands.

Dan. 10:11    And he said to me, Daniel, man of preciousness, understand the words that I am about to tell you and stand in your place, for I have now been sent to you. And when he had spoken this word to me, I stood up trembling.

Dan. 10:12    And he said to me, Do not be afraid, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand this matter and to afflict yourself before your God, your words were heard; and I have come because of your words.

Dan. 10:13    But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me for twenty-one days; but now Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I remained there alone with the kings of Persia.

Dan. 10:14    Thus I have come to make you understand what will happen to your people in the last days, yet the vision pertains to something many days from now.

Dan. 10:15    And when he had spoken to me according to these words, I turned my face to the ground and was dumb.

Dan. 10:16    And at that moment one who resembled the sons of men touched my lips; and I opened my mouth and spoke, and I said to him who stood before me, Sir, because of the vision my anguish has turned upon me, and I have retained no strength.

Dan. 10:17    For how can such a servant of my lord speak with such as my lord? For as for me, just now there is no strength in me, nor has there been breath left in me.

Dan. 10:18    Then the one who was in appearance like a man touched me again and strengthened me;

Dan. 10:19    And he said, Do not be afraid, man of preciousness. Peace to you. Be strong, yes, be strong. And when he spoke to me, I received strength and said, Speak, sir, for you have strengthened me.

Dan. 10:20    Then he said, Do you know why I have come to you? And now I will return to fight with the prince of Persia; so I go forth, and the prince of Javan is now about to come.

Dan. 10:21    However I will tell you what is inscribed in the writing of truth. Yet there is no one who holds strongly with me against these ones except Michael your prince.

Eph. 6:10      Finally, be empowered in the Lord and in the might of His strength.

Eph. 6:11      Put on the whole armor of God that you may be able to stand against the stratagems of the devil,

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

Eph. 6:13      Therefore take up the whole armor of God that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

Eph. 6:14      Stand therefore, having girded your loins with truth and having put on the breastplate of righteousness

Eph. 6:15      And having shod your feet with the firm foundation of the gospel of peace;

Eph. 6:16      Besides all these, having taken up the shield of faith, with which you will be able to quench all the flaming darts of the evil one.

Eph. 6:17      And receive the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which Spirit is the word of God,

Eph. 6:18      By means of all prayer and petition, praying at every time in spirit and watching unto this in all perseverance and petition concerning all the saints,

Eph. 6:19      And for me, that utterance may be given to me in the opening of my mouth, to make known in boldness the mystery of the gospel,

Eph. 6:20      For which I am an ambassador in a chain, that in it I would speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

1. It is crucial for us to see that behind the scene a spiritual struggle is taking place, a struggle not seen with human eyes.

2. In addition to the war on earth, there is a war between God and the satanic forces in the air—2:2; 6:12.

Eph. 2:2        In which you once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit which is now operating in the sons of disobedience;

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

E.    The fighting of the children of Israel against the Canaanites that they might possess and enjoy the good land typifies the spiritual warfare of the church as a whole, including all the members, against “the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies” (v. 12) that the saints may enjoy Christ as the all-inclusive land.

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

F.    Christ is our good land, and God wants us to gain Christ, but there is a layer of devilish, demonic forces between us and the good land; if we would take possession of the good land for our enjoyment, we must defeat these satanic forces—Col. 1:12-13; 2:15; Eph. 3:18; 6:11-12:

Col. 1:12       Giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified you for a share of the allotted portion of the saints in the light;

Col. 1:13       Who delivered us out of the authority of darkness and transferred us into the kingdom of the Son of His love,

Col. 2:15       Stripping off the rulers and the authorities, He made a display of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

Eph. 3:18      May be full of strength to apprehend with all the saints what the breadth and length and height and depth are

Eph. 6:11      Put on the whole armor of God that you may be able to stand against the stratagems of the devil,

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

1. There is an exceedingly real spiritual warfare in which we must engage; we must fight the battle to gain the all-inclusive Christ for the building up of the church as the Body of Christ, the new man, and the kingdom of God—vv. 10-12; 1 Tim. 6:12a; 2 Tim. 2:3-4; Col. 1:13, 18; 2:19; 3:10-11.

Eph. 6:10      Finally, be empowered in the Lord and in the might of His strength.

Eph. 6:11      Put on the whole armor of God that you may be able to stand against the stratagems of the devil,

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

1 Tim. 6:12   Fight the good fight of the faith; lay hold on the eternal life, to which you were called and have confessed the good confession before many witnesses.

2 Tim. 2:3     Suffer evil with me as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.

2 Tim. 2:4     No one serving as a soldier entangles himself with the affairs of this life, that he may please the one who enlisted him.

Col. 1:13       Who delivered us out of the authority of darkness and transferred us into the kingdom of the Son of His love,

Col. 1:18       And He is the Head of the Body, the church; He is the beginning, the Firstborn from the dead, that He Himself might have the first place in all things;

Col. 2:19       And not holding the Head, out from whom all the Body, being richly supplied and knit together by means of the joints and sinews, grows with the growth of God.

Col. 3:10       And have put on the new man, which is being renewed unto full knowledge according to the image of Him who created him,

Col. 3:11       Where there cannot be Greek and Jew, circumcision and uncircumcision, barbarian, Scythian, slave, free man, but Christ is all and in all.

2. If we would take possession of Christ for our enjoyment, we must be a corporate warrior, the church as the Body of Christ, fighting against and defeating the satanic forces so that we can gain more of Christ for the building up of the Body of Christ, setting up and spreading the kingdom of God so that Christ can come back to inherit the earth—Eph. 3:8; 4:16; Matt. 24:14; Rev. 11:15.

Eph. 3:8        To me, less than the least of all saints, was this grace given to announce to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ as the gospel

Eph. 4:16      Out from whom all the Body, being joined together and being knit together through every joint of the rich supply and through the operation in the measure of each one part, causes the growth of the Body unto the building up of itself in love.

Matt. 24:14   And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole inhabited earth for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.

Rev. 11:15    And the seventh angel trumpeted; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign forever and ever.

VI.   In order to engage in spiritual warfare, we need to see the vision that unveils Christ as the Captain of Jehovah’s army—Josh. 5:13-14:

Josh. 5:13     Now once, when Joshua was by Jericho, he lifted up his eyes and looked; and behold, there was a man standing opposite him, and His sword was drawn in His hand. And Joshua went to Him and said to Him, Are You for us or for our adversaries?

Josh. 5:14     And He said, Neither, but as the Captain of Jehovah's army have I now come. Then Joshua fell to the ground upon his face and worshipped. And he said to Him, What does my Lord speak to His servant?

A.   Whereas Joshua was the visible captain of Jehovah’s army, Christ was the invisible Captain to fight against the seven tribes of Canaan for Israel—v. 14.

Josh. 5:14     And He said, Neither, but as the Captain of Jehovah's army have I now come. Then Joshua fell to the ground upon his face and worshipped. And he said to Him, What does my Lord speak to His servant?

B.    Because of the vision of Christ as the Captain of Jehovah’s army, Joshua needed to stand on the position of sanctification (holiness) all the time—v. 15:

Josh. 5:15     And the Captain of Jehovah's army said to Joshua, Remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy. And Joshua did so.

1. Holiness is the nature and quality of being holy—Rom. 1:2.

Rom. 1:2       Which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures,

2. Sanctification (to God) is the practical effect, the character in activity, and the consummate state produced by being sanctified—6:19, 22.

Rom. 6:19     I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves to uncleanness and lawlessness unto lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves to righteousness unto sanctification.

Rom. 6:22     But now, having been freed from sin and enslaved to God, you have your fruit unto sanctification, and the end, eternal life.

VII. We need to know the vital factors that enabled the people of Israel to be victorious in their first warfare—Josh. 6:1-20:

Josh. 6:1       Now Jericho was shut up so tight because of the children of Israel that no one went out and no one went in.

Josh. 6:2       And Jehovah said to Joshua, See, I have given Jericho and its king and the mighty men of valor into your hand.

Josh. 6:3       And you shall circle the city, all the men of war, going around the city one time. Thus shall you do for six days.

Josh. 6:4       And seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark. Then on the seventh day you shall circle the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Josh. 6:5       And when they give off the blast of the ram's horn and you hear the trumpet sound, all the people shall shout with a great shout. And the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people shall go up, each straight ahead.

Josh. 6:6       So Joshua the son of Nun called the priests and said to them, Take up the Ark of the Covenant, and let seven priests carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:7       And he said to the people, Pass on and circle the city, and let the armed men pass on before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:8       Then when Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets of rams' horns before Jehovah passed on and blew the trumpets; and the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah went after them.

Josh. 6:9       And the armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets; and the rearguard went after the Ark, the trumpets continually blowing.

Josh. 6:10     And Joshua commanded the people, saying, You shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, nor let a word go forth from your mouth, until the day I say to you, Shout! Then you shall shout.

Josh. 6:11     So he had the Ark of Jehovah circle the city, going around it one time. And they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.

Josh. 6:12     And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:13     And the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets of rams' horns went before the Ark of Jehovah, continually blowing the trumpets; and the armed men went before them, and the rearguard went after the Ark of Jehovah, the trumpets continually blowing.

Josh. 6:14     And they circled the city on the second day one time and returned to the camp. This they did for six days.

Josh. 6:15     Then on the seventh day they rose early, at the break of dawn, and circled the city in the same manner seven times. Only on that day did they circle the city seven times.

Josh. 6:16     And at the seventh time the priests blew the trumpets, and Joshua said to the people, Shout! For Jehovah has given you the city.

Josh. 6:17     And the city shall be devoted to Jehovah for destruction, it and all that is in it. Only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all who are with her in her house, because she hid the messengers we sent.

Josh. 6:18     But as for you, keep yourselves from what has been devoted to destruction, lest you devote yourselves to destruction by taking of what has been devoted and you make the camp of Israel something devoted to destruction and bring trouble to it.

Josh. 6:19     But all the silver and the gold and the vessels of bronze and iron, these are holy to Jehovah; they shall come into the treasury of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:20     So the people shouted and the trumpets were blown; and when the people heard the trumpet sound, the people shouted with a great shout, and the wall fell down flat. And the people went up into the city, each straight ahead, and they captured the city.

A.   The shutting up of Jericho, with no traffic coming in or going out, signifies that the powers of darkness, the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies, were bound—Matt. 12:29; Eph. 6:12.

Matt. 12:29   Or how can anyone enter into the house of the strong man and plunder his goods unless he first binds the strong man? And then he will thoroughly plunder his house.

Eph. 6:12      For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies.

B.    God’s people did not need to do anything to destroy Jericho.

C.    They only needed to believe and trust in God, to listen to the instruction from the Captain of the army of Israel, and to exalt Christ by bearing the Ark—Josh. 6:3-11.

Josh. 6:3       And you shall circle the city, all the men of war, going around the city one time. Thus shall you do for six days.

Josh. 6:4       And seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark. Then on the seventh day you shall circle the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Josh. 6:5       And when they give off the blast of the ram's horn and you hear the trumpet sound, all the people shall shout with a great shout. And the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people shall go up, each straight ahead.

Josh. 6:6       So Joshua the son of Nun called the priests and said to them, Take up the Ark of the Covenant, and let seven priests carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:7       And he said to the people, Pass on and circle the city, and let the armed men pass on before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:8       Then when Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets of rams' horns before Jehovah passed on and blew the trumpets; and the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah went after them.

Josh. 6:9       And the armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets; and the rearguard went after the Ark, the trumpets continually blowing.

Josh. 6:10     And Joshua commanded the people, saying, You shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, nor let a word go forth from your mouth, until the day I say to you, Shout! Then you shall shout.

Josh. 6:11     So he had the Ark of Jehovah circle the city, going around it one time. And they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.

D.   The bearing of the Ark here by the priests shows that in the spiritual warfare the first thing we should do is exalt Christ, giving Him the first place, the preeminence, in all things—vv. 4, 7-11; Col. 1:18:

Josh. 6:4       And seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark. Then on the seventh day you shall circle the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Josh. 6:7       And he said to the people, Pass on and circle the city, and let the armed men pass on before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:8       Then when Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets of rams' horns before Jehovah passed on and blew the trumpets; and the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah went after them.

Josh. 6:9       And the armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets; and the rearguard went after the Ark, the trumpets continually blowing.

Josh. 6:10     And Joshua commanded the people, saying, You shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, nor let a word go forth from your mouth, until the day I say to you, Shout! Then you shall shout.

Josh. 6:11     So he had the Ark of Jehovah circle the city, going around it one time. And they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.

Col. 1:18       And He is the Head of the Body, the church; He is the beginning, the Firstborn from the dead, that He Himself might have the first place in all things;

1. When the people of Israel attacked Jericho, they did this under the commanding of Christ typified by the Ark—Josh. 5:14; 6:3-11.

Josh. 5:14     And He said, Neither, but as the Captain of Jehovah's army have I now come. Then Joshua fell to the ground upon his face and worshipped. And he said to Him, What does my Lord speak to His servant?

Josh. 6:3       And you shall circle the city, all the men of war, going around the city one time. Thus shall you do for six days.

Josh. 6:4       And seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark. Then on the seventh day you shall circle the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Josh. 6:5       And when they give off the blast of the ram's horn and you hear the trumpet sound, all the people shall shout with a great shout. And the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people shall go up, each straight ahead.

Josh. 6:6       So Joshua the son of Nun called the priests and said to them, Take up the Ark of the Covenant, and let seven priests carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:7       And he said to the people, Pass on and circle the city, and let the armed men pass on before the Ark of Jehovah.

Josh. 6:8       Then when Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets of rams' horns before Jehovah passed on and blew the trumpets; and the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah went after them.

Josh. 6:9       And the armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets; and the rearguard went after the Ark, the trumpets continually blowing.

Josh. 6:10     And Joshua commanded the people, saying, You shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, nor let a word go forth from your mouth, until the day I say to you, Shout! Then you shall shout.

Josh. 6:11     So he had the Ark of Jehovah circle the city, going around it one time. And they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.

2. The Ark, a type of Christ, who was their Commander in chief, took the lead to attack the enemies—v. 4.

Josh. 6:4       And seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark. Then on the seventh day you shall circle the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

E.    To remain silent until the command was given to shout means to carry out the matter in the Lord’s way without expressing any thought, opinion, or feeling—v. 10.

Josh. 6:10     And Joshua commanded the people, saying, You shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, nor let a word go forth from your mouth, until the day I say to you, Shout! Then you shall shout.

F.    The victory over Jericho in Israel’s first battle after crossing the Jordan was won not by Israel’s fighting but by their blowing the trumpets and shouting, signifying the testifying and proclaiming of God with Christ (the Ark) through faith in God’s word of instruction—vv. 2-5.

Josh. 6:2       And Jehovah said to Joshua, See, I have given Jericho and its king and the mighty men of valor into your hand.

Josh. 6:3       And you shall circle the city, all the men of war, going around the city one time. Thus shall you do for six days.

Josh. 6:4       And seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark. Then on the seventh day you shall circle the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Josh. 6:5       And when they give off the blast of the ram's horn and you hear the trumpet sound, all the people shall shout with a great shout. And the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people shall go up, each straight ahead.

VIII.    A unique principle is that spiritual victory does not depend on warfare—it depends on praise—2 Chron. 20:20-22:

2 Chron. 20:20 And they rose up early in the morning and went out to the wilderness of Tekoa. And as they went out, Jehoshaphat stood up and said, Hear me, O Judah and you inhabitants of Jerusalem. Believe in Jehovah your God, and you will be established; believe in His prophets, and you will succeed.

2 Chron. 20:21 And when he had taken counsel with the people, he appointed them to sing to Jehovah and give thanks in holy array as they went out before the army and say, Give thanks to Jehovah, for His lovingkindness endures forever.

2 Chron. 20:22 And when they began to shout in song and to praise, Jehovah set ambushes for the children of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, who were coming out against Judah; and they were struck.

A.   We need to learn to overcome Satan by our praise.

B.    A person who praises God transcends everything and overcomes continually by his praise; this is a principle, and this is a fact—Heb. 11:30, 33-34; 13:15.

Heb. 11:30    By faith the walls of Jericho fell, having been encircled for a period of seven days.

Heb. 11:33    Who through faith overcame kingdoms, worked righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions,

Heb. 11:34    Quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, were made strong in weakness, became mighty in war, routed the armies of foreigners.

Heb. 13:15    Through Him then let us offer up a sacrifice of praise continually to God, that is, the fruit of lips confessing His name.

 

 

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