STUN + TRUN servers
  • 5,517 views,
  • 2017-11-21,
  • 上傳者: 洪國恩,
  •  0
最近在搞 webRTC,但是常常會有些過不了的情況,透過別人的 relay 又很遠,所以只好自己架設了!
以下是大概的架構圖
 
c8b56c5612d9e87d8b2fa060a5e09396.png
步驟
1.
下載相關的套件
yum -y install make gcc gcc-c++ openssl-devel libevent libevent-devel wget unzip git

mkdir /root/turn
cd /root/turn

wget https://github.com/coturn/coturn/archive/4.5.1.1.tar.gz
unzip 4.5.1.1.tar.gz
cd coturn-4.5.1.1
./configure
make ; make install
2.
設定 turnserver.conf
把 turnserver.conf 下載到 /etc/turnserver.conf
並且
  1. 調整 {{ publicIp }} 為你的對外 IP
  2. static-auth-secret 設定一組密碼
  3. max-bps 設定最大的 bps
3.
產生憑證
openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/turnserver.key -out /etc/turnserver.crt -days 3001 -nodes
4.
啟動 turn server
/usr/local/bin/turnserver -c /etc/turnserver.conf 
5.
測試方式
/usr/local/bin/turnutils_uclient -t -u user -w password -v turn-server-ip
 
外部測試:
6.
參考範例
# Coturn TURN SERVER configuration file
#
# Boolean values note: where boolean value is supposed to be used,
# you can use '0', 'off', 'no', 'false', 'f' as 'false, 
# and you can use '1', 'on', 'yes', 'true', 't' as 'true' 
# If the value is missed, then it means 'true'.
#

# Listener interface device (optional, Linux only).
# NOT RECOMMENDED. 
#
#listening-device=eth0

# TURN listener port for UDP and TCP (Default: 3478).
# Note: actually, TLS & DTLS sessions can connect to the 
# "plain" TCP & UDP port(s), too - if allowed by configuration.
#
#listening-port=3478

# TURN listener port for TLS (Default: 5349).
# Note: actually, "plain" TCP & UDP sessions can connect to the TLS & DTLS
# port(s), too - if allowed by configuration. The TURN server 
# "automatically" recognizes the type of traffic. Actually, two listening
# endpoints (the "plain" one and the "tls" one) are equivalent in terms of
# functionality; but we keep both endpoints to satisfy the RFC 5766 specs.
# For secure TCP connections, we currently support SSL version 3 and 
# TLS version 1.0, 1.1 and 1.2.
# For secure UDP connections, we support DTLS version 1.
#
#tls-listening-port=5349

# Alternative listening port for UDP and TCP listeners;
# default (or zero) value means "listening port plus one". 
# This is needed for RFC 5780 support
# (STUN extension specs, NAT behavior discovery). The TURN Server 
# supports RFC 5780 only if it is started with more than one 
# listening IP address of the same family (IPv4 or IPv6).
# RFC 5780 is supported only by UDP protocol, other protocols
# are listening to that endpoint only for "symmetry".
#
#alt-listening-port=0
               
# Alternative listening port for TLS and DTLS protocols.
# Default (or zero) value means "TLS listening port plus one".
#
#alt-tls-listening-port=0
  
# Listener IP address of relay server. Multiple listeners can be specified.
# If no IP(s) specified in the config file or in the command line options, 
# then all IPv4 and IPv6 system IPs will be used for listening.
#
#listening-ip=172.17.19.101
#listening-ip=10.207.21.238
listening-ip=203.175.162.214

# Auxiliary STUN/TURN server listening endpoint.
# Aux servers have almost full TURN and STUN functionality.
# The (minor) limitations are:
#
# 1) Auxiliary servers do not have alternative ports and
# they do not support STUN RFC 5780 functionality (CHANGE REQUEST).
#
# 2) Auxiliary servers also are never returning ALTERNATIVE-SERVER reply.
# 
# Valid formats are 1.2.3.4:5555 for IPv4 and [1:2::3:4]:5555 for IPv6.
#
# There may be multiple aux-server options, each will be used for listening
# to client requests.
#
#aux-server=172.17.19.110:33478
#aux-server=[2607:f0d0:1002:51::4]:33478

# (recommended for older Linuxes only)
# Automatically balance UDP traffic over auxiliary servers (if configured).
# The load balancing is using the ALTERNATE-SERVER mechanism.
# The TURN client must support 300 ALTERNATE-SERVER response for this 
# functionality.
#
#udp-self-balance

# Relay interface device for relay sockets (optional, Linux only).
# NOT RECOMMENDED.
#
#relay-device=eth1

# Relay address (the local IP address that will be used to relay the 
# packets to the peer).
# Multiple relay addresses may be used.
# The same IP(s) can be used as both listening IP(s) and relay IP(s).
#
# If no relay IP(s) specified, then the turnserver will apply the default
# policy: it will decide itself which relay addresses to be used, and it 
# will always be using the client socket IP address as the relay IP address
# of the TURN session (if the requested relay address family is the same
# as the family of the client socket).
#
#relay-ip=172.17.19.105
#relay-ip=2607:f0d0:1002:51::5

# For Amazon EC2 users:
#
# TURN Server public/private address mapping, if the server is behind NAT.
# In that situation, if a -X is used in form "-X <ip>" then that ip will be reported
# as relay IP address of all allocations. This scenario works only in a simple case
# when one single relay address is be used, and no RFC5780 functionality is required.
# That single relay address must be mapped by NAT to the 'external' IP.
# The "external-ip" value, if not empty, is returned in XOR-RELAYED-ADDRESS field.
# For that 'external' IP, NAT must forward ports directly (relayed port 12345
# must be always mapped to the same 'external' port 12345).
#
# In more complex case when more than one IP address is involved,
# that option must be used several times, each entry must
# have form "-X <public-ip/private-ip>", to map all involved addresses.
# RFC5780 NAT discovery STUN functionality will work correctly,
# if the addresses are mapped properly, even when the TURN server itself 
# is behind A NAT.
#
# By default, this value is empty, and no address mapping is used.
#
#external-ip=60.70.80.91
#
#OR:
#
#external-ip=60.70.80.91/172.17.19.101
#external-ip=60.70.80.92/172.17.19.102


# Number of the relay threads to handle the established connections
# (in addition to authentication thread and the listener thread).
# If explicitly set to 0 then application runs relay process in a 
# single thread, in the same thread with the listener process 
# (the authentication thread will still be a separate thread).
#
# If this parameter is not set, then the default OS-dependent 
# thread pattern algorithm will be employed. Usually the default
# algorithm is the most optimal, so you have to change this option
# only if you want to make some fine tweaks. 
#
# In the older systems (Linux kernel before 3.9),
# the number of UDP threads is always one thread per network listening
# endpoint - including the auxiliary endpoints - unless 0 (zero) or 
# 1 (one) value is set.
#
#relay-threads=0

# Lower and upper bounds of the UDP relay endpoints:
# (default values are 49152 and 65535)
#
#min-port=49152
#max-port=65535
  
# Uncomment to run TURN server in 'normal' 'moderate' verbose mode.
# By default the verbose mode is off.
#verbose
  
# Uncomment to run TURN server in 'extra' verbose mode.
# This mode is very annoying and produces lots of output.
# Not recommended under any normal circumstances.
# 
#Verbose

# Uncomment to use fingerprints in the TURN messages.
# By default the fingerprints are off.
#
#fingerprint

# Uncomment to use long-term credential mechanism.
# By default no credentials mechanism is used (any user allowed).
#
lt-cred-mech

# This option is opposite to lt-cred-mech. 
# (TURN Server with no-auth option allows anonymous access).
# If neither option is defined, and no users are defined,
# then no-auth is default. If at least one user is defined, 
# in this file or in command line or in usersdb file, then
# lt-cred-mech is default.
#
#no-auth

# TURN REST API flag.
# Flag that sets a special authorization option that is based upon authentication secret.
# This feature can be used with the long-term authentication mechanism, only.
# This feature purpose is to support "TURN Server REST API", see
# "TURN REST API" link in the project's page 
# https://github.com/coturn/coturn/
#
# This option is used with timestamp:
# 
# usercombo -> "timestamp:userid"
# turn user -> usercombo
# turn password -> base64(hmac(secret key, usercombo))
#
# This allows TURN credentials to be accounted for a specific user id.
# If you don't have a suitable id, the timestamp alone can be used.
# This option is just turning on secret-based authentication.
# The actual value of the secret is defined either by option static-auth-secret,
# or can be found in the turn_secret table in the database (see below).

# use-auth-secret

# 'Static' authentication secret value (a string) for TURN REST API only. 
# If not set, then the turn server
# will try to use the 'dynamic' value in turn_secret table
# in user database (if present). The database-stored  value can be changed on-the-fly
# by a separate program, so this is why that other mode is 'dynamic'.
#
# static-auth-secret=T8onTJ186DJlpvY

# Server name used for
# the oAuth authentication purposes.
# The default value is the realm name.
#
#server-name=blackdow.carleon.gov

# Flag that allows oAuth authentication.
#
#oauth

# 'Static' user accounts for long term credentials mechanism, only.
# This option cannot be used with TURN REST API.
# 'Static' user accounts are NOT dynamically checked by the turnserver process, 
# so that they can NOT be changed while the turnserver is running.
#
#user=username1:key1
#user=username2:key2
# OR:
user=youraccount:yourpassword
#user=username2:password2
#
# Keys must be generated by turnadmin utility. The key value depends
# on user name, realm, and password:
#
# Example:
# $ turnadmin -k -u ninefingers -r north.gov -p youhavetoberealistic
# Output: 0xbc807ee29df3c9ffa736523fb2c4e8ee
# ('0x' in the beginning of the key is what differentiates the key from
# password. If it has 0x then it is a key, otherwise it is a password).
#
# The corresponding user account entry in the config file will be:
# 
#user=ninefingers:0xbc807ee29df3c9ffa736523fb2c4e8ee
# Or, equivalently, with open clear password (less secure):
#user=ninefingers:youhavetoberealistic
#

# SQLite database file name.
#
# Default file name is /var/db/turndb or /usr/local/var/db/turndb or
# /var/lib/turn/turndb.
# 
#userdb=/var/db/turndb

# PostgreSQL database connection string in the case that we are using PostgreSQL
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term credential mechanism
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API. 
# See http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.4/static/libpq-connect.html for 8.x PostgreSQL
# versions connection string format, see 
# http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.2/static/libpq-connect.html#LIBPQ-CONNSTRING
# for 9.x and newer connection string formats.
#
#psql-userdb="host=<host> dbname=<database-name> user=<database-user> password=<database-user-password> connect_timeout=30"

# MySQL database connection string in the case that we are using MySQL
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term credential mechanism
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API.
#
# Optional connection string parameters for the secure communications (SSL): 
# ca, capath, cert, key, cipher 
# (see http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/ssl-options.html for the 
# command options description).
#
# Use string format as below (space separated parameters, all optional):
#
#mysql-userdb="host=<host> dbname=<database-name> user=<database-user> password=<database-user-password> port=<port> connect_timeout=<seconds>"

# MongoDB database connection string in the case that we are using MongoDB
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term credential mechanism
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API. 
# Use string format is described at http://hergert.me/docs/mongo-c-driver/mongoc_uri.html
#
#mongo-userdb="mongodb://[username:password@]host1[:port1][,host2[:port2],...[,hostN[:portN]]][/[database][?options]]"

# Redis database connection string in the case that we are using Redis
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term credential mechanism
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API. 
# Use string format as below (space separated parameters, all optional):
#
#redis-userdb="ip=<ip-address> dbname=<database-number> password=<database-user-password> port=<port> connect_timeout=<seconds>"

# Redis status and statistics database connection string, if used (default - empty, no Redis stats DB used).
# This database keeps allocations status information, and it can be also used for publishing
# and delivering traffic and allocation event notifications.
# The connection string has the same parameters as redis-userdb connection string. 
# Use string format as below (space separated parameters, all optional):
#
#redis-statsdb="ip=<ip-address> dbname=<database-number> password=<database-user-password> port=<port> connect_timeout=<seconds>"

# The default realm to be used for the users when no explicit 
# origin/realm relationship was found in the database, or if the TURN
# server is not using any database (just the commands-line settings
# and the userdb file). Must be used with long-term credentials 
# mechanism or with TURN REST API.
#
realm=turn.qualityunit.com

# The flag that sets the origin consistency 
# check: across the session, all requests must have the same
# main ORIGIN attribute value (if the ORIGIN was
# initially used by the session).
#
#check-origin-consistency

# Per-user allocation quota.
# default value is 0 (no quota, unlimited number of sessions per user).
# This option can also be set through the database, for a particular realm.
#
#user-quota=0

# Total allocation quota.
# default value is 0 (no quota).
# This option can also be set through the database, for a particular realm.
#
#total-quota=0

# Max bytes-per-second bandwidth a TURN session is allowed to handle
# (input and output network streams are treated separately). Anything above
# that limit will be dropped or temporary suppressed (within
# the available buffer limits).
# This option can also be set through the database, for a particular realm.
#
max-bps=1024000

#
# Maximum server capacity.
# Total bytes-per-second bandwidth the TURN server is allowed to allocate
# for the sessions, combined (input and output network streams are treated separately).
#
# bps-capacity=0

# Uncomment if no UDP client listener is desired.
# By default UDP client listener is always started.
#
#no-udp

# Uncomment if no TCP client listener is desired.
# By default TCP client listener is always started.
#
#no-tcp

# Uncomment if no TLS client listener is desired.
# By default TLS client listener is always started.
#
#no-tls

# Uncomment if no DTLS client listener is desired.
# By default DTLS client listener is always started.
#
#no-dtls

# Uncomment if no UDP relay endpoints are allowed.
# By default UDP relay endpoints are enabled (like in RFC 5766).
#
#no-udp-relay

# Uncomment if no TCP relay endpoints are allowed.
# By default TCP relay endpoints are enabled (like in RFC 6062).
#
#no-tcp-relay

# Uncomment if extra security is desired,
# with nonce value having limited lifetime (600 secs).
# By default, the nonce value is unique for a session,
# but it has unlimited lifetime. With this option,
# the nonce lifetime is limited to 600 seconds, after that 
# the client will get 438 error and will have to re-authenticate itself.
#
#stale-nonce

# Certificate file.
# Use an absolute path or path relative to the 
# configuration file.
#
#cert=/usr/local/etc/turn_server_cert.pem
cert=/etc/turnserver.crt

# Private key file.
# Use an absolute path or path relative to the 
# configuration file.
# Use PEM file format.
#
#pkey=/usr/local/etc/turn_server_pkey.pem
pkey=/etc/turnserver.key

# Private key file password, if it is in encoded format.
# This option has no default value.
#
#pkey-pwd=...

# Allowed OpenSSL cipher list for TLS/DTLS connections.
# Default value is "DEFAULT".
#
#cipher-list="DEFAULT"

# CA file in OpenSSL format. 
# Forces TURN server to verify the client SSL certificates.
# By default it is not set: there is no default value and the client
# certificate is not checked.
#
# Example:
#CA-file=/etc/ssh/id_rsa.cert

# Curve name for EC ciphers, if supported by OpenSSL 
# library (TLS and DTLS). The default value is prime256v1, 
# if pre-OpenSSL 1.0.2 is used. With OpenSSL 1.0.2+,
# an optimal curve will be automatically calculated, if not defined
# by this option.
#
#ec-curve-name=prime256v1

# Use 566 bits predefined DH TLS key. Default size of the key is 1066.
#
#dh566

# Use 2066 bits predefined DH TLS key. Default size of the key is 1066.
#
#dh2066

# Use custom DH TLS key, stored in PEM format in the file.
# Flags --dh566 and --dh2066 are ignored when the DH key is taken from a file.
#
#dh-file=<DH-PEM-file-name>

# Flag to prevent stdout log messages.
# By default, all log messages are going to both stdout and to 
# the configured log file. With this option everything will be 
# going to the configured log only (unless the log file itself is stdout).
#
#no-stdout-log

# Option to set the log file name.
# By default, the turnserver tries to open a log file in 
# /var/log, /var/tmp, /tmp and current directories directories
# (which open operation succeeds first that file will be used).
# With this option you can set the definite log file name.
# The special names are "stdout" and "-" - they will force everything 
# to the stdout. Also, the "syslog" name will force everything to
# the system log (syslog). 
# In the runtime, the logfile can be reset with the SIGHUP signal 
# to the turnserver process.
#
log-file=/var/log/turn.log

# Option to redirect all log output into system log (syslog).
#
#syslog

# This flag means that no log file rollover will be used, and the log file
# name will be constructed as-is, without PID and date appendage.
# This option can be used, for example, together with the logrotate tool.
#
#simple-log

# Option to set the "redirection" mode. The value of this option
# will be the address of the alternate server for UDP & TCP service in form of 
# <ip>[:<port>]. The server will send this value in the attribute
# ALTERNATE-SERVER, with error 300, on ALLOCATE request, to the client.
# Client will receive only values with the same address family
# as the client network endpoint address family. 
# See RFC 5389 and RFC 5766 for ALTERNATE-SERVER functionality description. 
# The client must use the obtained value for subsequent TURN communications.
# If more than one --alternate-server options are provided, then the functionality
# can be more accurately described as "load-balancing" than a mere "redirection". 
# If the port number is omitted, then the default port 
# number 3478 for the UDP/TCP protocols will be used.
# Colon (:) characters in IPv6 addresses may conflict with the syntax of 
# the option. To alleviate this conflict, literal IPv6 addresses are enclosed 
# in square brackets in such resource identifiers, for example: 
# [2001:db8:85a3:8d3:1319:8a2e:370:7348]:3478 . 
# Multiple alternate servers can be set. They will be used in the
# round-robin manner. All servers in the pool are considered of equal weight and 
# the load will be distributed equally. For example, if we have 4 alternate servers, 
# then each server will receive 25% of ALLOCATE requests. A alternate TURN server 
# address can be used more than one time with the alternate-server option, so this 
# can emulate "weighting" of the servers.
#
# Examples: 
#alternate-server=1.2.3.4:5678
#alternate-server=11.22.33.44:56789
#alternate-server=5.6.7.8
#alternate-server=[2001:db8:85a3:8d3:1319:8a2e:370:7348]:3478
      
# Option to set alternative server for TLS & DTLS services in form of 
# <ip>:<port>. If the port number is omitted, then the default port 
# number 5349 for the TLS/DTLS protocols will be used. See the previous 
# option for the functionality description.
#
# Examples: 
#tls-alternate-server=1.2.3.4:5678
#tls-alternate-server=11.22.33.44:56789
#tls-alternate-server=[2001:db8:85a3:8d3:1319:8a2e:370:7348]:3478

# Option to suppress TURN functionality, only STUN requests will be processed.
# Run as STUN server only, all TURN requests will be ignored.
# By default, this option is NOT set.
#
#stun-only

# Option to suppress STUN functionality, only TURN requests will be processed.
# Run as TURN server only, all STUN requests will be ignored.
# By default, this option is NOT set.
#
#no-stun

# This is the timestamp/username separator symbol (character) in TURN REST API.
# The default value is ':'.
# rest-api-separator=:  

# Flag that can be used to disallow peers on the loopback addresses (127.x.x.x and ::1).
# This is an extra security measure.
#
#no-loopback-peers

# Flag that can be used to disallow peers on well-known broadcast addresses (224.0.0.0 and above, and FFXX:*).
# This is an extra security measure.
#
#no-multicast-peers

# Option to set the max time, in seconds, allowed for full allocation establishment. 
# Default is 60 seconds.
#
#max-allocate-timeout=60

# Option to allow or ban specific ip addresses or ranges of ip addresses. 
# If an ip address is specified as both allowed and denied, then the ip address is 
# considered to be allowed. This is useful when you wish to ban a range of ip 
# addresses, except for a few specific ips within that range.
#
# This can be used when you do not want users of the turn server to be able to access
# machines reachable by the turn server, but would otherwise be unreachable from the 
# internet (e.g. when the turn server is sitting behind a NAT)
#
# Examples:
# denied-peer-ip=83.166.64.0-83.166.95.255
# allowed-peer-ip=83.166.68.45

# File name to store the pid of the process.
# Default is /var/run/turnserver.pid (if superuser account is used) or
# /var/tmp/turnserver.pid .
#
#pidfile="/var/run/turnserver.pid"

# Require authentication of the STUN Binding request.
# By default, the clients are allowed anonymous access to the STUN Binding functionality.
#
#secure-stun

# Mobility with ICE (MICE) specs support.
#
#mobility

# User name to run the process. After the initialization, the turnserver process
# will make an attempt to change the current user ID to that user.
#
#proc-user=<user-name>

# Group name to run the process. After the initialization, the turnserver process
# will make an attempt to change the current group ID to that group.
#
#proc-group=<group-name>

# Turn OFF the CLI support.
# By default it is always ON.
# See also options cli-ip and cli-port.
#
#no-cli

#Local system IP address to be used for CLI server endpoint. Default value
# is 127.0.0.1.
#
#cli-ip=127.0.0.1

# CLI server port. Default is 5766.
#
#cli-port=5766

# CLI access password. Default is empty (no password).
# For the security reasons, it is recommended to use the encrypted
# for of the password (see the -P command in the turnadmin utility).
#
# Secure form for password 'qwerty':
#
#cli-password=$5$79a316b350311570$81df9cfb9af7f5e5a76eada31e7097b663a0670f99a3c07ded3f1c8e59c5658a
#
# Or unsecure form for the same paassword:
#
#cli-password=qwerty

# Server relay. NON-STANDARD AND DANGEROUS OPTION. 
# Only for those applications when we want to run 
# server applications on the relay endpoints.
# This option eliminates the IP permissions check on 
# the packets incoming to the relay endpoints.
#
#server-relay

# Maximum number of output sessions in ps CLI command.
# This value can be changed on-the-fly in CLI. The default value is 256.
#
#cli-max-output-sessions

# Set network engine type for the process (for internal purposes).
#
#ne=[1|2|3]

# Do not allow an TLS/DTLS version of protocol
#
#no-tlsv1
#no-tlsv1_1
#no-tlsv1_2
reTurnServer 安裝步驟
7.
# ubuntu
apt-get install resiprocate-turn-server
 
# centos
yum install resiprocate-turn-server
8.
設定檔案
[/etc/reTurn/reTurnServer.config]
# your IP addresses go here:
TurnAddress = 198.51.100.19
TurnV6Address = 2001:DB8:1000:2000::19

# your domain goes here, it must match the value used
# to hash your passwords if they are already hashed
# using the HA1 algorithm:
AuthenticationRealm = example.org
UserDatabaseFile = /etc/reTurn/users.txt
UserDatabaseHashedPasswords = false
9.
[/etc/reTurn/users.txt]
test:testpw:example.org:authorized
10.
systemctl enable resiprocate-turn-server
systemctl restart resiprocate-turn-server
註:
圖片引用來源: http://jderobot.org/Apavo-tfg
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發表時間 :
2017-11-21 00:26:57
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洪國恩
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