Message Eleven: Jacob’s Prophesying with Blessing (2)
  • 4,146 views,
  • 2014-07-11,
  • 上傳者: 洪國恩,
  •  0
EM    Hymns: 837
Scripture Reading: Gen. 49:16-28
Gen 49:16      Dan will judge his people, / As one of the tribes of Israel.
Gen 49:17      Dan will be a serpent in the way, / A viper on the path, / That bites the horse's heels, / So that his rider falls backward.
Gen 49:18      I have waited for Your salvation, O Jehovah.
Gen 49:19      Gad, raiders will raid him, / But he will raid at their heel.
Gen 49:20      Asher's food will be rich, / And he will yield royal dainties.
Gen 49:21      Naphtali is a hind let loose; / He gives beautiful words.
Gen 49:22      Joseph is a fruitful bough, / A fruitful bough by a fountain; / His branches run over the wall.
Gen 49:23      The archers bitterly attacked him, / And shot at him and harassed him;
Gen 49:24      But his bow remained firm, / And the arms of his hands were agile, / By the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob- / From there is the Shepherd, the stone of Israel -
Gen 49:25      From the God of your father, who will help you, / And from the All-sufficient One, who will bless you / With blessings of heaven above, / Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, / Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
Gen 49:26      The blessings of your father surpass / The blessings of my ancestors / To the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. / They will be on the head of Joseph, / And on the crown of the head of the one who was separate from his / brothers.
Gen 49:27      Benjamin is a ravenous wolf, / In the morning devouring the prey / And in the evening dividing the spoil.
Gen 49:28      All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father spoke to them when he blessed them; he blessed them, each one according to his blessing.
 
 
I.     The prophecy concerning the apostasy with Dan indicates Jacob’s concern about the setting up of a divisive center of worship—Gen. 49:16-18; Judg. 17:9-10; 18:27-31; 1 Kings 12:26-31:
Gen 49:16        Dan will judge his people, / As one of the tribes of Israel.
Gen 49:17        Dan will be a serpent in the way, / A viper on the path, / That bites the horse's heels, / So that his rider falls backward.
Gen 49:18        I have waited for Your salvation, O Jehovah.
Judg 17:9        And Micah said to him, Where do you come from? And he said to him, I am a Levite from Bethlehem in Judah, and I am traveling in order to dwell wherever I can find a place.
Judg 17:10      And Micah said to him, Stay with me, and be a father and a priest to me; and I will give you ten pieces of silver a year and an array of clothing and your food. So the Levite went with him.
Judg 18:27      So they took that which Micah had made and the priest that had been his, and came to Laish, to a people quiet and secure; and they struck them with the edge of the sword and burned the city with fire.
Judg 18:28      And there was no one to deliver it; for it was far from Sidon, and they had nothing to do with anyone. Now it was in the valley that is by Beth-rehob. And they rebuilt the city and dwelt in it.
Judg 18:29      And they called the name of the city Dan, according to the name of Dan their father who had been born to Israel. However the name of the city was Laish formerly.
Judg 18:30      And the children of Dan erected the sculptured idol; and Jonathan the son of Gershom, the son of Moses, he and his sons, became priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land.
Judg 18:31      Thus they set up the sculptured idol that Micah had made the whole time that the house of God was in Shiloh.
1 Kings 12:26  And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now the kingdom will return to the house of David.
1 Kings 12:27  If this people go up to make sacrifices in the house of Jehovah at Jerusalem, the heart of this people will return to their lord, to Rehoboam the king of Judah; and they will slay me and return to Rehoboam the king of Judah.
1 Kings 12:28  And the king took counsel and made two calves of gold. And he said to them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Behold your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt!
1 Kings 12:29  And he set one in Bethel, and he put the other one in Dan.
1 Kings 12:30  And this thing became a sin; and the people went to worship the one as far as Dan.
1 Kings 12:31  And he made a house of high places and appointed priests from among the people who were not from the sons of Levi.
A.     Dan fought as a young lion to gain more land (signifying Christ), but after being successful and victorious, he became a serpent—proud, individualistic, and independent; he acted in his pride to set up an idol and a divisive center of worship and to ordain a hired priest in the city of Dan during the time that the house of God was in Shiloh—Deut. 33:22; Josh. 19:47; Judg. 18:27-31; cf. Deut. 12:5.
Deut 33:22       And concerning Dan he said, Dan is a lion's whelp / That leaps forth from Bashan.
Josh 19:47      When the territory of the children of Dan was lost to them, the children of Dan went up and fought against Leshem; and they took it and struck it with the edge of the sword; and they took possession of it and inhabited it; and they called Leshem Dan, according to the name of Dan their father.
Judg 18:27      So they took that which Micah had made and the priest that had been his, and came to Laish, to a people quiet and secure; and they struck them with the edge of the sword and burned the city with fire.
Judg 18:28      And there was no one to deliver it; for it was far from Sidon, and they had nothing to do with anyone. Now it was in the valley that is by Beth-rehob. And they rebuilt the city and dwelt in it.
Judg 18:29      And they called the name of the city Dan, according to the name of Dan their father who had been born to Israel. However the name of the city was Laish formerly.
Judg 18:30      And the children of Dan erected the sculptured idol; and Jonathan the son of Gershom, the son of Moses, he and his sons, became priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land.
Judg 18:31      Thus they set up the sculptured idol that Micah had made the whole time that the house of God was in Shiloh.
Deut 12:5        But to the place which Jehovah your God will choose out of all your tribes to put His name, to His habitation, shall you seek, and there shall you go.
B.     As a serpent, Dan bit the horse’s heels so that its rider fell backward (Gen. 49:17), signifying that the apostasy brought in by Dan became a great stumbling block to the nation of Israel; throughout the history of the church many spiritual people have followed Dan’s example, thereby frustrating God’s people from going on in His ordained way; a further fulfillment of Jacob’s prophecy concerning Dan is seen in 1 Kings 12:26-31.
Gen 49:17        Dan will be a serpent in the way, / A viper on the path, / That bites the horse's heels, / So that his rider falls backward.
1 Kings 12:26  And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now the kingdom will return to the house of David.
1 Kings 12:27  If this people go up to make sacrifices in the house of Jehovah at Jerusalem, the heart of this people will return to their lord, to Rehoboam the king of Judah; and they will slay me and return to Rehoboam the king of Judah.
1 Kings 12:28  And the king took counsel and made two calves of gold. And he said to them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Behold your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt!
1 Kings 12:29  And he set one in Bethel, and he put the other one in Dan.
1 Kings 12:30  And this thing became a sin; and the people went to worship the one as far as Dan.
1 Kings 12:31  And he made a house of high places and appointed priests from among the people who were not from the sons of Levi.
C.     The source of Dan’s apostasy was in not caring for his brothers; not caring for the other parts of the Body is the source of apostasy, resulting in competition—v. 31.
1 Kings 12:31  And he made a house of high places and appointed priests from among the people who were not from the sons of Levi.
D.     Division is not only denominationalism but can also involve localism and regionalism; even in our personal experience we can be distracted from the right way in following God and actually be working for our self-interest:
1.      The best way to be safeguarded from falling into apostasy is by taking care of others to care for the entire Body and the Lord’s unique testimony in the Lord’s one work; if Dan had consulted the other tribes, he would have been kept from apostasy—cf. 1 Cor. 12:20; 15:58; 16:10; Acts 15:1-2.
1 Cor 12:20    But now the members are many, but the body one.
1 Cor 15:58    Therefore, my beloved brothers, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your labor is not in vain in the Lord.
1 Cor 16:10    Now if Timothy comes, see that he is with you without fear; for he is working the work of the Lord, even as I am.
Acts 15:1       And certain men came down from Judea and began to teach the brothers, Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved.
Acts 15:2       And when no little dissension and discussion with them came about through Paul and Barnabas, the brothers directed Paul and Barnabas and certain others among them to go up to the apostles and elders in Jerusalem concerning this question.
2.      We can be healed from our apostasy and enjoy the Lord’s boundless love by returning to the Lord, acknowledging our offense to Him to be forgiven of all our iniquity, seeking His face, and pursuing to know Him so that we may live in His presence, in resurrection—Hosea 5:13—6:3; 14:1-8.
Hosea 5:13    When Ephraim saw his sickness, / And Judah his wound, / Ephraim went to Assyria / And sent word to the worrior king; / But he cannot heal you, / And the wound will not depart from you.
Hosea 5:14    For I will be like a lion to Ephraim / And like a young lion to the house of Judah. / I, I will tear them and go away; / I will carry them off, and there will be no one to deliver them.
Hosea 5:15    I will go away, I will return to My place, / Until they acknowledge their offense / And seek My face; / In their affliction they will seek Me earnestly.
Hosea 6:1      Come and let us return to Jehovah; / For He has torn us, but He will heal us, / And He has stricken us, but He will bind us up.
Hosea 6:2      He will enliven us after two days; / On the third day He will raise us up, / And we will live in His presence.
Hosea 6:3      Therefore let us know, let us pursue knowing Jehovah: / His going forth is as sure as the dawn, / And He will come to us as the rain, / As the late rain which waters the earth.
Hosea 14:1    Return, O Israel, / To Jehovah your God, / For you have fallen by your iniquity.
Hosea 14:2    Take words with you, / And return to Jehovah; / Say to Him, / Forgive all iniquity, / And take us graciously; / Thus we will render our lips as bulls.
Hosea 14:3    Assyria will not save us; / We will not ride upon horses. / Neither will we say again to the work of our hands, Our God! / Because in You the orphan finds compassion.
Hosea 14:4    I will heal their apostasy; / I will love them freely; / For My anger has turned away from him.
Hosea 14:5    I will be like the dew to Israel; / He will bud like the lily / And will send forth his roots like the trees of Lebanon.
Hosea 14:6    His shoots will go forth; / And his splendor will be like that of the olive tree, / And his fragrance, like that of the trees of Lebanon.
Hosea 14:7    Those who sit under his shade will return; / They will revive like grain / And will bud like the vine; / His renown will be like the wine of Lebanon.
Hosea 14:8    Ephraim says, What have I yet to do with idols? / I respond and look on him. / I am like a green fir tree; / From Me your fruit is found.
 
II.   The prophecy concerning the recovery with Gad indicates not only his victory but also that he would not enjoy his victory by himself—Gen. 49:19; Deut. 33:20-21:
Gen 49:19      Gad, raiders will raid him, / But he will raid at their heel.
Deut 33:20     And concerning Gad he said, Blessed be He who enlarges Gad. / He dwells as a lioness, / And tears off the arm, yea, even the top of the head.
Deut 33:21     And he provided the first part for himself, / For there the portion of a lawgiver is reserved; / And he came with the heads of the people; / He executed the righteousness of Jehovah / And His judgments with Israel.
A.     Gad’s victory, corresponding to his victory in Deuteronomy 33:20, signifies the recovery of the victory of Christ lost by Dan because of his apostasy.
Deut 33:20     And concerning Gad he said, Blessed be He who enlarges Gad. / He dwells as a lioness, / And tears off the arm, yea, even the top of the head.
B.     Gad provided the first part of the good land (the land east of the Jordan) for himself, but before enjoying his portion, he fought with his brothers to gain their portion of the land west of the Jordan, thus executing Jehovah’s righteousness and His judgments in Israel—vv. 20-21; Num. 32:1-32.
Deut 33:20     And concerning Gad he said, Blessed be He who enlarges Gad. / He dwells as a lioness, / And tears off the arm, yea, even the top of the head.
Deut 33:21     And he provided the first part for himself, / For there the portion of a lawgiver is reserved; / And he came with the heads of the people; / He executed the righteousness of Jehovah / And His judgments with Israel.
Num 32:1       Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great abundance of livestock. And when they saw the land of Jazer and the land of Gilead, that the place was indeed a place for livestock,
Num 32:2       The children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spoke to Moses and to Eleazar the priest and to the leaders of the assembly, saying,
Num 32:3       Ataroth and Dibon and Jazer and Nimrah and Heshbon and Elealeh and Sebam and Nebo and Beon,
Num 32:4       The land which Jehovah struck before the assembly of Israel, is a land for livestock, and your servants have livestock.
Num 32:5       And they said, If we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your servants for a possession; do not make us cross over the Jordan.
Num 32:6       And Moses said to the children of Gad and to the children of Reuben, Shall your brothers go to war, while you stay here?
Num 32:7       Now why would you discourage the heart of the children of Israel from crossing over into the land which Jehovah has given them?
Num 32:8       Your fathers did this when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land.
Num 32:9       When they went up to the valley of Eshcol and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Israel from going into the land which Jehovah had given them.
Num 32:10     And Jehovah's anger was kindled in that day, and He swore, saying,
Num 32:11     Surely none of the men who came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I swore to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, because they have not fully followed Me;
Num 32:12     Except Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua the son of Nun, because they have fully followed Jehovah.
Num 32:13     And Jehovah's anger was kindled against Israel, and He made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until the whole generation which had done evil in the sight of Jehovah was consumed.
Num 32:14     And now you have risen up in your fathers' place, a brood of sinful men, to further increase the burning anger of Jehovah toward Israel.
Num 32:15     For if you turn away from following Him, He will yet again leave them in the wilderness; and you will destroy this entire people.
Num 32:16     And they came near to him and said, We will build sheepfolds here for our livestock and cities for our little ones;
Num 32:17     But we ourselves will be armed and ready to go before the children of Israel until we have brought them to their place, while our little ones dwell in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land.
Num 32:18     We will not return to our houses until each one of the children of Israel has inherited his inheritance.
Num 32:19     For we will not inherit with them on the other side of the Jordan and further on, because our inheritance has come to us on this side of the Jordan eastward.
Num 32:20     And Moses said to them, If you will do this thing, if you will arm yourselves before Jehovah for battle,
Num 32:21     And all of your armed men will cross over the Jordan before Jehovah until He has driven out His enemies from before Him,
Num 32:22     And the land is subdued before Jehovah, then afterward you shall return and be free of obligation toward Jehovah and toward Israel; and this land shall be yours for a possession before Jehovah.
Num 32:23     But if you will not do so, then you have sinned against Jehovah; and know that your sin will find you out.
Num 32:24     Build for yourselves cities for your little ones and folds for your sheep, and do what has proceeded out of your mouth.
Num 32:25     And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben spoke to Moses, saying, Your servants will do as my lord commands.
Num 32:26     Our little ones, our wives, our livestock, and all our cattle will be there in the cities of Gilead;
Num 32:27     But your servants will cross over, everyone who is armed for war before Jehovah for battle, as my lord says.
Num 32:28     So Moses gave command concerning them to Eleazar the priest and to Joshua the son of Nun and to the heads of the fathers' houses of the tribes of the children of Israel.
Num 32:29     And Moses said to them, If the children of Gad and the children of Reuben cross over the Jordan with you, everyone who is armed for battle before Jehovah, and the land is subdued before you, then you shall give them the land of Gilead as a possession.
Num 32:30     But if they do not cross over armed with you, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Canaan.
Num 32:31     And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben answered, saying, As Jehovah has said to your servants, so will we do.
Num 32:32     We will cross over armed before Jehovah into the land of Canaan, and the possession of our inheritance will remain with us beyond the Jordan.
C.     Dan’s failure was because he was individualistic and cared only for himself, whereas Gad’s success was because he was corporate and took care of the need of his brothers.
D.     In New Testament terms, to follow Gad’s example we need to take care of the Body corporately; today this is to be filled with the corporate sense of the Body and to care for the members of the Body for the accomplishing of God’s will, which is to have the Body life—Rom. 12.
Rom 12:1       I exhort you therefore, brothers, through the compassions of God to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, well pleasing to God, which is your reasonable service.
Rom 12:2       And do not be fashioned according to this age, but be transformed by the renewing of the mind that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and well pleasing and perfect.
Rom 12:3       For I say, through the grace given to me, to everyone who is among you, not to think more highly of himself than he ought to think, but to think so as to be sober-minded, as God has apportioned to each a measure of faith.
Rom 12:4       For just as in one body we have many members, and all the members do not have the same function,
Rom 12:5       So we who are many are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another.
Rom 12:6       And having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith;
Rom 12:7       Or service, let us be faithful in that service; or he who teaches, in that teaching;
Rom 12:8       Or he who exhorts, in that exhortation; he who gives, in simplicity; he who leads, in diligence; he who shows mercy, in cheerfulness.
Rom 12:9       Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good.
Rom 12:10     Love one another warmly in brotherly love; take the lead in showing honor one to another.
Rom 12:11     Do not be slothful in zeal, but be burning in spirit, serving the Lord.
Rom 12:12     Rejoice in hope; endure in tribulation; persevere in prayer.
Rom 12:13     Contribute to the needs of the saints; pursue hospitality.
Rom 12:14     Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse.
Rom 12:15     Rejoice with those who rejoice; weep with those who weep.
Rom 12:16     Be of the same mind toward one another, not setting your mind on the high things but going along with the lowly; do not be wise in yourselves.
Rom 12:17     Repay no one evil for evil; take forethought for things honorable in the sight of all men.
Rom 12:18     If possible, as far as it depends on you, live in peace with all men.
Rom 12:19     Do not avenge yourselves, beloved, but give place to the wrath of God, for it is written, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay, says the Lord."
Rom 12:20     But "if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in doing this you will heap coals of fire upon his head."
Rom 12:21     Do not be conquered by evil, but conquer evil with good.
 
III.  The prophecy concerning the sufficiency of Asher typifies the enjoyment of Christ as the rich provision of life for fighting and building—Gen. 49:20:
Gen 49:20      Asher's food will be rich, / And he will yield royal dainties.
A.     Jacob’s prophecy in Genesis 49:20 and Moses’ blessing in Deuteronomy 33:24-25 show the sufficiency of Asher, coming after the recovery with Gad; Asher was blessed with rich food, with the rich provision of life.
Gen 49:20      Asher's food will be rich, / And he will yield royal dainties.
Deut 33:24     And concerning Asher he said, Blessed be Asher above the sons. / May he be the one favored of his brothers, / And the one dipping his foot in oil.
Deut 33:25     Your doorbolts shall be iron and copper; / And as your days are, so shall your strength be.
B.     Just as Asher was the one “dipping his foot in oil,” we can “walk in oil” by enjoying the bountiful supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ for our daily walk—v. 24; Phil. 1:19; Gal. 3:5; 5:25.
Deut 33:24     And concerning Asher he said, Blessed be Asher above the sons. / May he be the one favored of his brothers, / And the one dipping his foot in oil.
Phil 1:19        For I know that for me this will turn out to salvation through your petition and the bountiful supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ,
Gal 3:5           He therefore who bountifully supplies to you the Spirit and does works of power among you, does He do it out of the works of law or out of the hearing of faith?
Gal 5:25         If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit.
C.     When we enjoy the Lord daily as our rich provision of life (“as your days are, so shall your strength be”—Deut. 33:25b), He becomes our secret of sufficiency for us to be content in any situation (Phil. 4:11-13; Psa. 23:1).
Phil 4:11        Not that I speak according to lack, for I have learned, in whatever circumstances I am, to be content.
Phil 4:12        I know also how to be abased, and I know how to abound; in everything and in all things I have learned the secret both to be filled and to hunger, both to abound and to lack.
Phil 4:13        I am able to do all things in Him who empowers me.
Psa 23:1        Jehovah is my Shepherd; I will lack nothing.
D.     The issue of such a rich provision is the enjoyment of absolute rest with peace, strength, security, and sufficiency.
 
IV.  The prophecy concerning the consummation with Naphtali typifies that when we experience Christ in resurrection, we become those who will take the earth by preaching Christ as the gospel of the kingdom to the whole inhabited earth—Gen. 49:21; Deut. 33:23; Psa. 22:27; Matt. 28:19; Acts 1:8; Rom. 15:19; Matt. 24:14:
Gen 49:21      Naphtali is a hind let loose; / He gives beautiful words.
Deut 33:23     And concerning Naphtali he said, O Naphtali, satisfied with favor, / And full of the blessing of Jehovah: / Possess the sea and the south.
Psa 22:27      All the ends of the earth / Will remember and return to Jehovah, / And all families of the nations / Will worship before You;
Matt 28:19      Go therefore and disciple all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
Acts 1:8         But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you, and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria and unto the uttermost part of the earth.
Rom 15:19     In the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem and round about to Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ,
Matt 24:14      And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole inhabited earth for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.
A.     “Naphtali is a hind let loose; / He gives beautiful words”—Gen. 49:21:
1.      The hind typifies the resurrected Christ; “the hind of the dawn” (Psa. 22, title) signifies Christ in His resurrection, which took place at early dawn (Luke 24:1).
Psa. 22, title   To the choir director: according to the hind of the dawn. A Psalm of David
Luke 24:1       Now on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2.      A hind is a deer known for its leaping and jumping; Christ in resurrection is the leaping One—S. S. 2:8-9.
S.S. 2:8         The voice of my beloved! Now he comes, / Leaping upon the mountains, / Skipping upon the hills.
S.S. 2:9         My beloved is like a gazelle or a young hart. / Now he stands behind our wall; / He is looking through the windows, / He is glancing through the lattice.
3.      Beautiful words, rich and pleasant words, words of joy and life, come out of the experience of the resurrected Christ—Gen. 49:21; Matt. 28:16, 18-20; John 7:37-39a; Acts 2:32-36; 5:20.
Gen 49:21      Naphtali is a hind let loose; / He gives beautiful words.
Matt 28:16      And the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus directed them.
Matt 28:18      And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.
Matt 28:19      Go therefore and disciple all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
Matt 28:20      Teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you all the days until the consummation of the age.
John 7:37       Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink.
John 7:38       He who believes into Me, as the Scripture said, out of his innermost being shall flow rivers of living water.
John 7:39a     But this He said concerning the Spirit, whom those who believed into Him were about to receive; …
Acts 2:32       This Jesus God has raised up, of which we all are witnesses.
Acts 2:33       Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, He has poured out this which you both see and hear.
Acts 2:34       For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says, "The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand
Acts 2:35       Until I set Your enemies as a footstool for Your feet."
Acts 2:36       Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made Him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you have crucified.
Acts 5:20       Go and stand in the temple and speak to the people all the words of this life.
B.     “O Naphtali, satisfied with favor, / And full of the blessing of Jehovah: / Possess the sea and the south”—Deut. 33:23:
1.      Naphtali is satisfied with favor (the Old Testament equivalent of New Testament grace) and is full of the blessing of Jehovah; the blessing does not refer to material blessing but to the blessing in the spirit, the blessing in life, the blessing in the heavenlies—Eph. 1:3.
Eph 1:3          Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Christ,
2.      Naphtali will possess the sea (the Gentile world—Matt. 13:1; Dan. 7:3; Rev. 17:15) and the south (the land of Israel), signifying that those who experience the resurrected Christ will possess the whole earth through their proclaiming of Christ (Matt. 28:19; Acts 1:8; Rom. 15:19).
Matt 13:1       On that day Jesus went out of the house and sat beside the sea.
Dan 7:3          And four great beasts came up from the sea, each different from the other.
Rev 17:15      And he said to me, The waters which you saw, where the harlot sits, are peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues.
Matt 28:19      Go therefore and disciple all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
Acts 1:8         But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you, and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria and unto the uttermost part of the earth.
Rom 15:19     In the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem and round about to Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ,
 
V.   The prophecy concerning the universal blessing of the Triune God being with Joseph was due to his being separate from his brothers in the principle of a Nazarite—Gen. 49:22-26; Num. 6:1-9:
Gen 49:22      Joseph is a fruitful bough, / A fruitful bough by a fountain; / His branches run over the wall.
Gen 49:23      The archers bitterly attacked him, / And shot at him and harassed him;
Gen 49:24      But his bow remained firm, / And the arms of his hands were agile, / By the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob- / From there is the Shepherd, the stone of Israel -
Gen 49:25      From the God of your father, who will help you, / And from the All-sufficient One, who will bless you / With blessings of heaven above, / Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, / Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
Gen 49:26      The blessings of your father surpass / The blessings of my ancestors / To the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. / They will be on the head of Joseph, / And on the crown of the head of the one who was separate from his / brothers.
Num 6:1         Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,
Num 6:2         Speak to the children of Israel and say to them, When a man or a woman makes a special vow, the vow of a Nazarite, to separate himself to Jehovah,
Num 6:3         He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink; he shall drink no vinegar of wine or vinegar of strong drink, nor shall he drink any juice of grapes, nor eat fresh or dried grapes.
Num 6:4         All the days of his separation he shall eat nothing that is produced by the grape vine, from the seeds even to the skin.
Num 6:5         All the days of his vow of separation no razor shall pass over his head. He shall be holy until the days are fulfilled for which he separated himself to Jehovah; he shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow long.
Num 6:6         All the days that he separates himself to Jehovah he shall not come near a dead person.
Num 6:7         He shall not make himself unclean for his father or for his mother, for his brother or for his sister, when they die, because his separation to God is upon his head.
Num 6:8         All the days of his separation he is holy to Jehovah.
Num 6:9         And if anyone dies very suddenly beside him so that he defiles the head of his separation, then he shall shave his head on the day he becomes clean; on the seventh day shall he shave it.
A.     Joseph as a fruitful bough by a fountain with branches running over the wall typifies Christ as the branch (Isa. 11:1) for the branching out of God through His believers as His branches (John 15:1, 5), with God as the source of their fruitfulness, to spread Christ over every restriction and limitation, magnifying Him in all circumstances (Gen. 49:22; Phil. 1:20; Acts 4:31).
Isa 11:1          Then a sprout will come forth from the stump of Jesse, / And a branch from his roots will bear fruit.
John 15:1       I am the true vine, and My Father is the husbandman.
John 15:5       I am the vine; you are the branches. He who abides in Me and I in him, he bears much fruit; for apart from Me you can do nothing.
Gen 49:22      Joseph is a fruitful bough, / A fruitful bough by a fountain; / His branches run over the wall.
Phil 1:20        According to my earnest expectation and hope that in nothing I will be put to shame, but with all boldness, as always, even now Christ will be magnified in my body, whether through life or through death.
Acts 4:31       And when they had so besought, the place in which they were gathered was shaken, and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak the word of God with boldness.
B.     As the one universally blessed by his father, Joseph typifies Christ, the appointed Heir of all things, and Christ’s believers, His partners, who participate in His inheritance and who are blessed by the Father with every spiritual blessing—1 Cor. 3:21-22; Rom. 8:17; Heb. 1:2, 9, 14; 3:14; Eph. 1:3:
1 Cor 3:21      So then let no one boast in men, for all things are yours,
1 Cor 3:22      Whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas or the world or life or death or things present or things to come; all are yours,
Rom 8:17       And if children, heirs also; on the one hand, heirs of God; on the other, joint heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him that we may also be glorified with Him.
Heb 1:2          Has at the last of these days spoken to us in the Son, whom He appointed Heir of all things, through whom also He made the universe;
Heb 1:9          You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of exultant joy above Your partners";
Heb 1:14        Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth for service for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation?
Heb 3:14        For we have become partners of Christ, if indeed we hold fast the beginning of the assurance firm to the end--
Eph 1:3          Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Christ,
1.      The blessings bestowed on Joseph encompass all time, from ancient times to eternity (Gen. 49:25-26; Deut. 33:13-16), and all space, from heaven to earth, including the deep under the earth (Gen. 49:25b; Deut. 33:13-14, 16a); time plus space equals the universe.
Gen 49:25      From the God of your father, who will help you, / And from the All-sufficient One, who will bless you / With blessings of heaven above, / Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, / Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
Gen 49:26      The blessings of your father surpass / The blessings of my ancestors / To the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. / They will be on the head of Joseph, / And on the crown of the head of the one who was separate from his / brothers.
Deut 33:13     And concerning Joseph he said, May his land be blessed of Jehovah / With the choicest things of heaven, with the dew / And with the deep waters that couch beneath;
Deut 33:14     With the choicest of the crops of the sun, / And with the choicest of the yield of the moons;
Deut 33:15     With the top of the ancient mountains, / And with the choicest things of the eternal hills;
Deut 33:16     With the choicest things of the earth, and the fullness thereof, / And the favor of Him who dwelt in the thornbush. / May they come upon the head of Joseph, / And upon the top of the head of him who is separated among his brothers.
2.      The universal blessing on Joseph will consummate in the new heaven and new earth, in which everything will be new as a blessing to Christ and His believers—Rev. 21:1, 4-5; 22:3, 5:
Rev 21:1        And I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and the sea is no more.
Rev 21:4        And He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and death will be no more, nor will there be sorrow or crying or pain anymore; for the former things have passed away.
Rev 21:5        And He who sits on the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And He said, Write, for these words are faithful and true.
Rev 22:3        And there will no longer be a curse. And the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His slaves will serve Him;
Rev 22:5        And night will be no more; and they have no need of the light of a lamp and of the light of the sun, for the Lord God will shine upon them; and they will reign forever and ever.
a.      Only God is new; anything that is kept away from God is old, but anything that comes back to God is new—2 Cor. 5:17.
2 Cor 5:17      So then if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old things have passed away; behold, they have become new.
b.      To be renewed means to come back to God and have something of God put into us so that we are mingled with God and one with God; the secret of receiving God as our blessing of newness is to bring everything to God and let Him get into everything—4:16.
2 Cor 4:16      Therefore we do not lose heart; but though our outer man is decaying, yet our inner man is being renewed day by day.
c.      The universal blessing on Joseph means that blessing is everywhere; our praises turn everything of the curse of the fall into a blessing—cf. Eph. 5:20.
Eph 5:20        Giving thanks at all times for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to our God and Father,
C.     Joseph overcame in his sufferings because he was strengthened by God, the Mighty One of Jacob and the All-sufficient One, and because he saw that everything was arranged by God to be a blessing to him—Gen. 49:24-25; 45:5; 50:20; 1 Cor. 3:21-22; Rom. 8:28; Eph. 5:20; 1 Thes. 5:18.
Gen 49:24      But his bow remained firm, / And the arms of his hands were agile, / By the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob- / From there is the Shepherd, the stone of Israel -
Gen 49:25      From the God of your father, who will help you, / And from the All-sufficient One, who will bless you / With blessings of heaven above, / Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, / Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
Gen 45:5        And now do not be grieved or angry with yourselves because you sold me here, for God sent me before you to preserve life.
Gen 50:20      Even though you intended evil against me, God intended it for good, to do as it is this day, to preserve alive a numerous people.
1 Cor 3:21      So then let no one boast in men, for all things are yours,
1 Cor 3:22      Whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas or the world or life or death or things present or things to come; all are yours,
Rom 8:28       And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose.
Eph 5:20        Giving thanks at all times for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to our God and Father,
1 Thes 5:18    In everything give thanks; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you.
D.     Joseph was blessed with “the favor of Him who dwelt in the thornbush” (Deut. 33:16a; Exo. 3:2-6, 14-15; Mark 12:26-27); the highest blessing is to enter into God’s dwelling place and stay in His presence (Psa. 27:4, 8; 84:10-12).
Deut 33:16a   With the choicest things of the earth, and the fullness thereof, / And the favor of Him who dwelt in the thornbush. …
Exo 3:2          And the Angel of Jehovah appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a thornbush. And when he looked, there was the thornbush, burning with fire; but the thornbush was not consumed.
Exo 3:3          And Moses said, I must turn aside now and see this great sight, why the thornbush does not burn up.
Exo 3:4          And when Jehovah saw that he had turned aside to look, God called to him out of the midst of the thornbush and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here I am.
Exo 3:5          And He said, Do not come near here. Remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground.
Exo 3:6          And He said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.
Exo 3:14        And God said to Moses, I AM WHO I AM. And He said, Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, I AM has sent me to you
Exo 3:15        And God also said to Moses, Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, Jehovah, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial from generation to generation.
Mark 12:26     But concerning the dead, that they are raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the section concerning the bush, how God spoke to him, saying, "I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob"?
Mark 12:27     He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You err greatly.
Psa 27:4        One thing I have asked from Jehovah; / That do I seek: / To dwell in the house of Jehovah / All the days of my life, / To behold the beauty of Jehovah, / And to inquire in His temple.
Psa 27:8        When You say, Seek My face, / To You my heart says, Your face, O Jehovah, will I seek.
Psa 84:10      For a day in Your courts is better than a thousand; / I would rather stand at the threshold of the house of my God / Than dwell in the tents of the wicked.
Psa 84:11      For Jehovah God is a sun and a shield; / Jehovah gives grace and glory; / He does not withhold anything good / From those who walk uprightly.
Psa 84:12      O Jehovah of hosts, blessed is the man / Who trusts in You.
 
VI.  The prophecy concerning the dwelling place of the Triune God being with Benjamin will ultimately consummate in the New Jerusalem as the mutual dwelling of God and His redeemed for eternity; this is the greatest blessing to God’s people—Gen. 49:27; Deut. 33:12; Rev. 21:3, 22:
Gen 49:27      Benjamin is a ravenous wolf, / In the morning devouring the prey / And in the evening dividing the spoil.
Deut 33:12     Concerning Benjamin he said, The beloved of Jehovah shall dwell securely beside Him; / Jehovah shall cover over him all the day, / And He shall dwell between his shoulders.
Rev 21:3        And I heard a loud voice out of the throne, saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will tabernacle with them, and they will be His peoples, and God Himself will be with them and be their God.
Rev 21:22      And I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.
A.     As a tearing wolf, Benjamin is a type of Christ, who destroys the enemy by tearing him to pieces—Gen. 49:27; Eph. 4:8; 2 Cor. 10:5.
Gen 49:27      Benjamin is a ravenous wolf, / In the morning devouring the prey / And in the evening dividing the spoil.
Eph 4:8          Therefore the Scripture says, "Having ascended to the height, He led captive those taken captive and gave gifts to men."
2 Cor 10:5      As we overthrow reasonings and every high thing rising up against the knowledge of God, and take captive every thought unto the obedience of Christ.
B.     Moses’ blessing of Benjamin says that he will dwell securely beside Jehovah and that Jehovah will dwell between Benjamin’s shoulders; Jerusalem with God’s temple, God’s dwelling place, was located in the territory of Benjamin—Deut. 33:12; Judg. 1:21.
Deut 33:12     Concerning Benjamin he said, The beloved of Jehovah shall dwell securely beside Him; / Jehovah shall cover over him all the day, / And He shall dwell between his shoulders.
Judg 1:21      But the Jebusites, who dwelt in Jerusalem, the children of Benjamin did not dispossess; thus the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this day.
C.     All the blessings issue in God’s dwelling place; this is God’s good pleasure, the desire of His heart—cf. Heb. 11:21; Prov. 4:18; Psa. 90:1; John 15:4; 14:23; Isa. 66:1-2.
Heb 11:21      By faith Jacob, while he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph and worshipped God, while leaning on the top of his staff.
Prov 4:18       But the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn, / Which shines brighter and brighter until the full day.
Psa 90:1        O Lord, You have been our dwelling place / In all generations.
John 15:4       Abide in Me and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself unless it abides in the vine, so neither can you unless you abide in Me.
John 14:23     Jesus answered and said to him, If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word, and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make an abode with him.
Isa 66:1          Thus says Jehovah, / Heaven is My throne, / And the earth the footstool for My feet. / Where then is the house that you will build for Me, / And where is the place of My rest?
Isa 66:2          For all these things My hand has made, / And so all these things have come into being, declares Jehovah. / But to this kind of man will I look, to him who is poor / And of a contrite spirit, and who trembles at My word.
 
VII. Genesis 49:1-28 is an abstract of the entire Bible and a summary of the history of God’s people, as seen in the twelve sons of Jacob, the nation of Israel, and the church; it is also a portrait of the personal history of every believer:
Gen 49:1        And Jacob called to his sons and said, Gather yourselves together that I may tell you what will happen to you in the last days.
Gen 49:2        Assemble yourselves, and listen, O sons of Jacob; / Yes, listen to Israel your father.
Gen 49:3        Reuben, you are my firstborn, / My might and the firstfruits of my vigor, / Preeminent in dignity and preeminent in power.
Gen 49:4        Ebullient as water, you will not have the preeminence, / Because you went up to your father's bed; / Then you defiled it-he went up to my couch.
Gen 49:5        Simeon and Levi are brothers; / Weapons of violence are their swords.
Gen 49:6        Come not into their council, O my soul; / Be not united with their assembly, O my glory; / For in their anger they slew men, / And in their self-will they hamstrung oxen.
Gen 49:7        Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce; / And their wrath, for it is cruel: / I will divide them in Jacob, / And scatter them in Israel.
Gen 49:8        Judah, your brothers will praise you; / Your hand will be on the neck of your enemies; / Your father's sons will bow down before you.
Gen 49:9        Judah is a young lion; / From the prey, my son, you have gone up. / He couches, he stretches out like a lion, / And like a lioness; who will rouse him up?
Gen 49:10      The scepter will not depart from Judah, / Nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, / Until Shiloh comes, / And to Him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
Gen 49:11      Binding his foal to the vine, / And his donkey's colt to the choice vine, / He washes his garment in wine, / And his robe in the blood of grapes.
Gen 49:12      Dark are his eyes with wine, / And white are his teeth with milk.
Gen 49:13      Zebulun will dwell at the shore of the sea, / And he will be a shore for ships, / And his flank will be toward Sidon.
Gen 49:14      Issachar is a strong donkey, / Couching between the sheepfolds.
Gen 49:15      And he saw a resting place that was good / And the land that was pleasant, / And he bowed his shoulder to bear, / And became a task-worker to bring tribute.
Gen 49:16      Dan will judge his people, / As one of the tribes of Israel.
Gen 49:17      Dan will be a serpent in the way, / A viper on the path, / That bites the horse's heels, / So that his rider falls backward.
Gen 49:18      I have waited for Your salvation, O Jehovah.
Gen 49:19      Gad, raiders will raid him, / But he will raid at their heel.
Gen 49:20      Asher's food will be rich, / And he will yield royal dainties.
Gen 49:21      Naphtali is a hind let loose; / He gives beautiful words.
Gen 49:22      Joseph is a fruitful bough, / A fruitful bough by a fountain; / His branches run over the wall.
Gen 49:23      The archers bitterly attacked him, / And shot at him and harassed him;
Gen 49:24      But his bow remained firm, / And the arms of his hands were agile, / By the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob- / From there is the Shepherd, the stone of Israel -
Gen 49:25      From the God of your father, who will help you, / And from the All-sufficient One, who will bless you / With blessings of heaven above, / Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, / Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
Gen 49:26      The blessings of your father surpass / The blessings of my ancestors / To the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. / They will be on the head of Joseph, / And on the crown of the head of the one who was separate from his / brothers.
Gen 49:27      Benjamin is a ravenous wolf, / In the morning devouring the prey / And in the evening dividing the spoil.
Gen 49:28      All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father spoke to them when he blessed them; he blessed them, each one according to his blessing.
A.     Jacob’s first four sons—Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah—were sinners, indicating that the history of God’s people begins with sinners; however, two of these sinners, Levi and Judah, were transformed to become priests and kings.
B.     Out of the kingship with Judah a kingly salvation was produced, which was preached as the gospel in the Gentile world by Zebulun and which issued in the church life with Issachar; but the apostasy came in through Dan, followed by the recovery with Gad, which issued in the sufficiency of the riches of Christ with Asher and in the resurrection with Naphtali.
C.     Finally, the history of God’s people concludes with Joseph and Benjamin, who typify Christ as the One who is altogether victorious and perfect, without defect; according to Jacob’s prophecy and Moses’ word, Joseph brought in God’s boundless, universal blessing (vv. 22-26; Deut. 33:13-16), and Benjamin, God’s eternal dwelling place (v. 12).
Gen 49:22      Joseph is a fruitful bough, / A fruitful bough by a fountain; / His branches run over the wall.
Gen 49:23      The archers bitterly attacked him, / And shot at him and harassed him;
Gen 49:24      But his bow remained firm, / And the arms of his hands were agile, / By the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob- / From there is the Shepherd, the stone of Israel -
Gen 49:25      From the God of your father, who will help you, / And from the All-sufficient One, who will bless you / With blessings of heaven above, / Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, / Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
Gen 49:26      The blessings of your father surpass / The blessings of my ancestors / To the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. / They will be on the head of Joseph, / And on the crown of the head of the one who was separate from his / brothers.
Deut 33:13     And concerning Joseph he said, May his land be blessed of Jehovah / With the choicest things of heaven, with the dew / And with the deep waters that couch beneath;
Deut 33:14     With the choicest of the crops of the sun, / And with the choicest of the yield of the moons;
Deut 33:15     With the top of the ancient mountains, / And with the choicest things of the eternal hills;
Deut 33:16     With the choicest things of the earth, and the fullness thereof, / And the favor of Him who dwelt in the thornbush. / May they come upon the head of Joseph, / And upon the top of the head of him who is separated among his brothers.
Deut 33:12     Concerning Benjamin he said, The beloved of Jehovah shall dwell securely beside Him; / Jehovah shall cover over him all the day, / And He shall dwell between his shoulders.
D.     Thus, the conclusion of Genesis 49 corresponds with the conclusion of the entire Bible—the universal blessing in the new heaven and the new earth, in which is God’s eternal dwelling, the New Jerusalem, as the issue and goal of God’s universal blessing—cf. Eph. 1:3; 2:22.
Eph 1:3          Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Christ,
Eph 2:22        In whom you also are being built together into a dwelling place of God in spirit.
 
 
Facebook 討論區載入中...
發表時間 :
2014-07-11 23:51:38
觀看數 :
4,146
發表人 :
洪國恩
部門 :
老洪的 IT 學習系統
QR Code :